Analysis: Really should Lawful Tech Know-how Be Tested on the Bar Exam?

Table of Contents There Are Superior Causes to Take a look at……But There Are Also

Legal professionals are now applying more authorized tech than at any time in advance of. Several law faculties offer you lawful tech training to pupils. And however, we at present have no market-large standard process of developing and measuring a lawyer’s lawful technological innovation capabilities, comprehending, and competence. This manufactured me curious: Is it time for the bar exam to start formally tests know-how of legal technological innovation?

I asked experts in law and authorized engineering for their views, and here’s what I discovered.

There Are Superior Causes to Take a look at…

There are various sound good reasons why testing understanding of authorized technological know-how on the bar examination would be a great notion.

For starters, lawful tech performs a massive part in the job. In accordance to preliminary success from our 2021 Lawful Know-how Survey, all legal corporations and departments make use of technological innovation to some extent, so it’s not that radical an strategy to suggest objectively assessing the techniques that are turning out to be more indispensable each and every 12 months.

Right after listening to retired U.S. Magistrate Judge and Georgetown Adjunct Professor of Legislation John M. Facciola in a new podcast about e-discovery and social media, I thought his opinion on this matter would be insightful, so I attained out to him.

“Not tests a gigantic part of a lawyer’s lifetime looks unusual to me,” he said throughout our conversation. I think about that it may well appear to be bizarre to other lawyers as well.

Dauna Williams, founder of The Williams Team 5 and adjunct professor at the Northern Illinois University School of Regulation, targeted on the sensible facets of incorporating legal tech to the bar exam. “The bar has to demand from customers it due to the fact our shoppers are demanding it,” she said. “It’s a vital action to be certain that lawyers know how to evolve lawful assessment into technological issue-solving.” A valid assertion, especially considering the fact that both the American Bar Affiliation (Remark 8 to Rule 1.1) and 38 point out bars have addressed lawyers’ obligation to be technically capable.

Why just can’t lawyers just get 3rd-bash distributors to deal with their tech wants? They can and they do. Even so, the failure to realize how to make the most of lawful engineering and interpret the data obtained from it could have large-ranging (and possibly catastrophic) penalties for that lawyer—from lacking or misinterpreting important data to inadvertent disclosure of confidential and privileged substance. Right after all, as Decide Facciola asked: “If you do not know technological know-how, how can you make a great selection about picking a seller who has responsible facts security?”

…But There Are Also Prospective Downsides

There are considerations all over tests authorized engineering on the bar test, this kind of as including even additional stress and anxiety to previously pressured-out check-takers. However, most apprehension revolves all-around irrespective of whether it could successfully be accomplished.

Applying the bar test to gauge authorized tech proficiency might be also tall of an purchase, according to Uma Everett, director at Sterne, Kessler, Goldstein & Fox. “It would be difficult to take a look at this on the bar exam,” she informed me. Immediately after all, authorized tech evolves quickly, unlike the black letter law current on all bar exams.

Casey Flaherty, lawyer and co-founder of law tech training company Procertas, explained that “it would be hard for the bar exam inquiries and curriculum to retain rate with the most recent tech choices.” That would be complicated in fact, maintaining in brain that to do so bar examiners would need to continue to be existing with rising technology when simultaneously screening it agnostically.

Other Choices to Make certain Authorized Tech Proficiency

The issues listed previously mentioned add to the counterargument that attaining authorized tech competence is a job most effective tackled exterior of the bar examination. Perhaps applying a mandatory curriculum of technological teaching would be far more helpful than screening but a different subject matter in the dreaded crucible of the entry test.

Flaherty is a proponent of embedding some essential tech education in effectively-founded main law school classes, contending that “core tech teaching can be straight integrated into doctrinal courses now.” For occasion, he indicates that Word coaching can be incorporated in very first-year authorized producing and contracts courses. In civil procedure, he suggests, class instruction could include things like PDF training to educate law pupils how to put together a conformant e-filing.

Everett shared with me her perspective that to instill authorized tech acumen in lawyers, “it’s most likely better to just have CLE requirements instead.” Level well taken: the respective condition bars of Florida and North Carolina are accomplishing just that.

Another premise is that lawyers’ technological proficiency may be inevitable, with no systemic changes needed at all. Professor Ray Brescia, the Honorable Harold R. Tyler Chair in Law and Technological innovation and professor of regulation at Albany Regulation School, advised me that the “disciplinary machinery of the state bars and the threat of malpractice lawsuits, coupled with the market’s choice, are most likely to go a very long way in direction of selling the ultimate purpose of having tech-savvy legal professionals.” His argument is that mechanisms now in place, in mixture with a laissez-faire solution to provide and need, are enough to make certain that attorneys have the legal tech understanding they need to have (and that clients ought to have).


Initiatives to educate aspiring and latest lawyers in lawful technologies are very well less than way. When there are other avenues to making sure competence, formally testing legal tech awareness would enable potential employers to be confident realizing that condition bar examiners have by now confirmed the aptitude of profitable check-takers. And let us experience it: if the bar examination is now the remaining impediment program that law graduates should conquer to formally be a part of “the club,” how a lot extra complicated could it be to increase a person much more hurdle?

Take part in Bloomberg Law’s Legal Engineering Study right here. The survey closes before long!

Bloomberg Legislation Subscribers can discover related articles on our In Target: Lawful Technnology site.

If you’re looking at this report on the Bloomberg Terminal, please operate BLAW OUT to access the hyperlinked information or click on right here to see the internet version of this article.